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LACP with STP Sim

March 12th, 2017 in Lab Sim, LabSim Go to comments

Question

You work for SWITCH.com. They have just added a new switch (SwitchB) to the existing network as shown in the topology diagram.

LACP_STP_topology.jpg

RouterA is currently configured correctly and is providing the routing function for devices on SwitchA and SwitchB. SwitchA is currently configured correctly, but will need to be modified to support the addition of SwitchB. SwitchB has a minimal configuration. You have been tasked with competing the needed configuring of SwitchA and SwitchB. SwitchA and SwitchB use Cisco as the enable password.

Configuration Requirements for SwitchA

– The VTP and STP configuration modes on SwitchA should not be modified.
– SwitchA needs to be the root switch for vlans 11, 12, 13, 21, 22 and 23. All other vlans should be left are their default values.

Configuration Requirements for SwitchB

– Vlan 21, Name: Marketing, will support two servers attached to fa0/9 and fa0/10
– Vlan 22, Name: Sales, will support two servers attached to fa0/13 and fa0/14
– Vlan 23, Name: Engineering, will support two servers attached to fa0/15 and fa0/16
– Access ports that connect to server should transition immediately to forwarding state upon detecting the connection of a device.
– SwitchB VTP mode needs to be the same as SwitchA.
– SwitchB must operate in the same spanning tree mode as SwitchA.
– No routing is to be configured on SwitchB.
– Only the SVI vlan 1 is to be configured and it is to use address 192.168.1.11/24.

Inter-switch Connectivity Configuration Requirements:

– For operational and security reasons trunking should be unconditional and Vlans 1, 21, 22 and 23 should tagged when traversing the trunk link.
– The two trunks between SwitchA and SwitchB need to be configured in a mode that allows for the maximum use of their bandwidth for all vlans. This mode should be done with a non-proprietary protocol, with SwitchA controlling activation.
– Propagation of unnecessary broadcasts should be limited using manual pruning on this trunk link.

Note: There is a requirement that the trunk between SwitchA and SwitchB must be configured under physical interfaces, not logical port-channel interface

Answer and Explanation:

We post the initial configuration of Sw-A & Sw-B here for your reference, you can try solving this sim by yourself before reading the asnwers below:

Initial Configuration (useless lines have been removed)

SwA:
hostname Sw-A
!
vtp mode transparent
!
spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst
!
vlan 98
!
vlan 99
 name TrunkNative
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
 switchport access vlan 98
 switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/3
 switchport access vlan 98
 switchport mode access
!
interface FastEthernet0/4
 switchport access vlan 98
 switchport mode access
!
interface Vlan1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
end
Sw-B:
hostname Sw-B
!
vtp mode server
!
spanning-tree mode pvst
!
interface FastEthernet0/3
!
interface FastEthernet0/4
!
interface FastEthernet0/9
!
interface FastEthernet0/10
!
interface FastEthernet0/13
!
interface FastEthernet0/14
!
interface FastEthernet0/15
!
interface FastEthernet0/16
!
interface Vlan1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1
!
end

Solution

SW-A (close to router)
Note: If Sw-A does not have Vlan 11, 12, 13 we have to create them first with command “SW-A(config)#vlan 11,12,13”
SW-A(config)#spanning-tree vlan 11-13,21-23 root primary

SW-A(config)#vlan 21
SW-A(config-vlan)#name Marketing
SW-A(config-vlan)#exit

SW-A(config)#vlan 22
SW-A(config-vlan)#name Sales
SW-A(config-vlan)#exit

SW-A(config)#vlan 23
SW-A(config-vlan)#name Engineering
SW-A(config-vlan)#exit
SW-A(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport mode access
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport access vlan 98 (These two commands must be deleted to form a trunking link)
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-A(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
SW-A(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode active
SW-A(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-A(config-if)#no shutdown

Note: In practical when you apply commands under “interface port-channel 1”, the same commands will be automatically applied to the physical member interfaces (of port-channel 1) so you don’t need to type them under physical member interfaces again. But in this exam you should configure everything under physical interfaces as there is a requirement to do so.

——————————————————————————————–

SW-B (far from router)
SW-B(config)#vlan 21
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Marketing
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit

SW-B(config)#vlan 22
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Sales
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit

SW-B(config)#vlan 23
SW-B(config-vlan)#name Engineering
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit
SW-B(config)#vlan 99
SW-B(config-vlan)#name TrunkNative // not necessary to name it but just name it same as SwitchA
SW-B(config-vlan)#exit
SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/9 – 10
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 21
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/13 – 14
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 22
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/15 – 16
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
SW-B(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 23
SW-B(config-if-range)#spanning-tree portfast
SW-B(config-if-range)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if-range)#exit

SW-B(config)#vtp mode transparent

SW-B(config)#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst //Same as Sw-A

SW-B(config)#ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1 (you can get this IP from SW-A with command show cdp neighbour detail) // not sure about this command because the question says “No routing is to be configured on SwitchB”.

SW-B(config)#interface vlan 1
SW-B(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.11 255.255.255.0
SW-B(config-if)#no shutdown
SW-B(config-if)#exit

SW-B(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-B(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99 //this command will prevent the “Native VLAN mismatched” error on both switches
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
SW-B(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode passive //mode passive because “SwitchA controlling activation”
SW-B(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-B(config-if)#no shutdown

Note: For Sw-B we have to set the 802.1q trunking protocol (switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q) before converting it into a trunk because it is a 3500 series (or higher) switch which supports both ISL and 802.1Q and we have to explicitly set which trunking protocol to be used. Sw-A is a 2900x series (or lower) switch and does not support ISL trunking protocol (802.1Q is the only supported trunking protocol) so we can apply “switchport mode trunk” directly.

———————————————————

Some guidelines for configuring SwitchA & SwitchB:

Configuration Requirements for SwitchA

– The VTP and STP configuration modes on SwitchA should not be modified.
– SwitchA needs to be the root switch for vlans 11, 12, 13, 21, 22 and 23. All other vlans should be left are their default values
SW-A(config)#spanning-tree vlan 11-13,21-23 root primary

Configuration Requirements for SwitchB

– Vlan 21, Name: Marketing, will support two servers attached to fa0/9 and fa0/10
– Vlan 22, Name: Sales, will support two servers attached to fa0/13 and fa0/14
– Vlan 23, Name: Engineering, will support two servers attached to fa0/15 and fa0/16
– Access ports that connect to server should transition immediately to forwarding state upon detecting the connection of a device.
vlan …
name …
(VLANs must be created on both switches if not exist)
interface range fa0/x – y
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan
spanning-tree portfast
– SwitchB VTP mode needs to be the same as SwitchA. vtp mode transparent
– SwitchB must operate in the same spanning tree mode as SwitchA. spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst
– No routing is to be configured on SwitchB.
– Only the SVI vlan 1 is to be configured and it is to use address 192.168.1.11/24.
interface vlan 1
ip address 192.168.1.11 255.255.255.0

Inter-switch Connectivity Configuration Requirements:

– For operational and security reasons trunking should be unconditional and Vlans 1, 21, 22 and 23 should tagged when traversing the trunk link.
– The two trunks between SwitchA and SwitchB need to be configured in a mode that allows for the maximum use of their bandwidth for all Vlans. This mode should be done with a non-proprietary protocol, with SwitchA controlling activation.
– Propagation of unnecessary broadcasts should be limited using manual pruning on this trunk link.
SW-A(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport mode access
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport access vlan 98
Note: Two above commands must be deleted first to form a trunking link.

Although the first requirement asks us to configure trunking but we can ignore this task because we only need to configure trunking under their Port-channel (in the next task)

– The two trunks between SwitchA and SwitchB need to be configured in a mode that allows for the maximum use of their bandwidth for all Vlans:
SW-A(config)#interface range fa0/3 – 4
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport mode access
SW-A(config-if)#no switchport access vlan 98
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-A(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode active
SW-A(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-A(config-if)#no shutdown
– Trunking should be unconditional and Vlans 1, 21, 22 and 23 should tagged when traversing the trunk link:
SW-A(config-if)#switchport mode trunk //unconditional trunking
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99 //this command will prevent the “Native VLAN mismatched” error on both switches and make other VLANs to be tagged
– Propagation of unnecessary broadcasts should be limited using manual pruning on this trunk link.
SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
—————————————
SW-B(config)#interface range Fa0/3 – 4
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
SW-B(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk native vlan 99 //this command will prevent the “Native VLAN mismatched” error on both switches
SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,21-23
SW-B(config-if)#channel-group 1 mode passive
SW-B(config-if)#channel-protocol lacp
SW-B(config-if)#no shutdown

Some notes for this sim:
+ You should check the initial status of both switches with these commands: show vtp status (transparent mode on SwitchA and we have to set the same mode on SwitchB), show spanning-tree [summary] (rapid-pvst mode on SwitchA and we have to set the same mode on SwitchB), show vlan (check the native vlan and the existence of vlan99), show etherchannel 1 port-channel and show ip int brief (check if Port-channel 1 has been created and make sure it is up), show run (to check everything again).
+ When using “int range f0/x – y” command hit space bar before and after “-” otherwise the simulator does not accept it.
+ You must create VLAN 99 for the SwitchB. SwitchA already has VLAN 99 configured.
+ At the end, you can try to ping from SwitchB to RouterA (you can get the IP on RouterA via the show cdp neighbors detail on SwitchA), not sure if it can ping or not. If not, you can use the “ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1” on SwitchB.
+ The name of SwitchA and SwitchB can be swapped or changed so be careful to put your configuration into appropriate switch.

Other lab-sims in this site:

MLS and EIGRP Sim
VTP Lab 2
VTP Lab
Spanning Tree Lab Sim
AAAdot1x Lab Sim

Comments
Comment pages
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  1. Anonymous
    April 8th, 2018

    Hi why is it needed to configure the switchmode trunk ,switchport trunk allowed, switchport trunk native vlan in the physical interface?

    Which part of the question states that?

    Has someone tried configuring those in etherchannel in the exam?

  2. AAA
    April 11th, 2018

    @Confuse guy

    Do I need to configure vlan 11-13 at switch B? If yes, what is the purpose. Thanks.

  3. Ive
    April 12th, 2018

    just passed…
    – In the exam both ports f0/3 – 4 on Switch B were shutdown.
    – One of the switches is a different model which only can do dot1q. So it doesnt accept the sw trunk encap dot1q command. You get an error message anyway when you try to switch the mode and the encap mode is in auto.
    – Also there was no ip default-gateway configured on both switches. Dunno If u have to add this in – the exam ( in real life you would)

    The port config has to be done in the physical interfaces F0/3 – 4. It is a requirement in the exam question
    Vlan 11-3 are already configured on Switch B, but 21,22,23 are missing. Since u have to make Switch B the span root for those vlans you need to add those….

  4. MX5
    April 14th, 2018

    @IVE
    how much you get in the exam?

  5. Lateef
    April 15th, 2018

    For this question in think we should allow Vlan 99 the native vlan to transverse o the trunk link for the VTP to work

  6. jas
    April 15th, 2018

    @Lateef, no, the requirement says that you should only allow specific VLANS and native(99) is not listed there

  7. Andre
    April 15th, 2018

    I passes the exam two weeks ago and had the exactly the same simulation.
    You dont need to add vlan 99, but you have to make it native. Unless you make it native you will have two problems;
    1) constant log mesages about vlan mismatch
    2) Etherchannel from interfaces 3 and 4 will show as down.
    Once you make vlan 9 native on both sides (have to create it on one side ) and do “shut/no shut) on interface range, etherchannel changed state will be up and log messages will stop

  8. nor
    April 16th, 2018

    just passed the exam, but on switchA i didn’t have encapsulate “option”, only on switchB
    like
    SW-B(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
    and
    SW-A(config-if)#switchport trunk (native|allowed)

    although the SIMs are valid, good like!

  9. mimikongag
    April 18th, 2018

    hello

  10. mimikongag
    April 18th, 2018

    latest valid CCNP Exam questions
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  11. KAY
    April 18th, 2018

    @Nor u are talking about a connection between switch A and B fa0/3-4

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